The geometric mean is always lower than the arithmetic **means due to the compounding effect**. The arithmetic mean is always higher than the geometric mean as it is calculated as a simple average. It is applicable only to only a positive set of numbers. It can be calculated with both positive and negative sets of numbers.

Contents

- 1 Why is arithmetic mean more than geometric mean?
- 2 What is the difference between the geometric mean and arithmetic mean?
- 3 Why is arithmetic mean greater than harmonic mean?
- 4 Why is the geometric mean used?
- 5 Can a geometric mean be negative?
- 6 How do you tell the difference between arithmetic and geometric?
- 7 Is geometric mean the same as median?
- 8 What is the difference between geometric and arithmetic returns?
- 9 When arithmetic mean geometric mean and harmonic mean are equal?
- 10 Is harmonic mean always less than arithmetic mean?
- 11 What is the difference between geometric mean and harmonic mean?
- 12 Is the geometric mean of two regression coefficient?
- 13 The Difference Between the Arithmetic Mean and Geometric Mean
- 14 The Formula for Arithmetic Average
- 15 How to Calculate the Arithmetic Average
- 16 The Formula for Geometric Average
- 17 How to Calculate the Geometric Average
- 18 Arithmetic Mean – Geometric Mean
- 19 Art of Problem Solving
- 20 Proofs
- 21 Generalizations
- 22 Problems
- 23 Question Corner – Applications of the Geometric Mean
- 24 Geometric Mean vs Arithmetic Mean
- 25 Geometric mean never exceeds arithmetic mean
- 26 Using the Arithmetic Mean-Geometric Mean Inequality in Problem Solving.
- 27 Some algebra
- 28 Another Geometry Example
- 29 Cost of Fencing a Field
- 30 Minimum of
- 31 Construct a Square with Same Area as a Given Rectangle
- 32 Maximum Area of a Sector of a Circle With Fixed Perimeter
- 33 Sector as Fraction of a Circle
- 34 Sector in Radian Measure
- 35 Inequalities Problems
- 36 Maximumand Minimum of
- 37 Maximum off(x) = (1-x)(1+x)(1+x)
- 38 MinimumSurface Area of a Can of Fixed Volume
- 39 Maximum area of a Pen, fixed length of fencing, with Partitions Parallel to a Side

## Why is arithmetic mean more than geometric mean?

The geometric mean differs from the arithmetic average, or arithmetic mean, in how it is calculated because it takes into account the compounding that occurs from period to period. Because of this, investors usually consider the geometric mean a more accurate measure of returns than the arithmetic mean.

## What is the difference between the geometric mean and arithmetic mean?

Arithmetic mean is defined as the average of a series of numbers whose sum is divided by the total count of the numbers in the series. Geometric mean is defined as the compounding effect of the numbers in the series in which the numbers are multiplied by taking nth root of the multiplication.

## Why is arithmetic mean greater than harmonic mean?

Harmonic mean This follows because its reciprocal is the arithmetic mean of the reciprocals of the numbers, hence is greater than the geometric mean of the reciprocals which is the reciprocal of the geometric mean.

## Why is the geometric mean used?

The geometric mean is often used for a set of numbers whose values are meant to be multiplied together or are exponential in nature, such as a set of growth figures: values of the human population or interest rates of a financial investment over time.

## Can a geometric mean be negative?

Like zero, it is impossible to calculate Geometric Mean with negative numbers.

## How do you tell the difference between arithmetic and geometric?

An arithmetic Sequence is a set of numbers in which each new phrase differs from the previous term by a fixed amount. Geometric Sequence is a series of integers in which each element after the first is obtained by multiplying the preceding number by a constant factor.

## Is geometric mean the same as median?

1) There might be some situations where median is preferred to Geometric Means. This is because geometric mean involves product term. However, for a data which follows log-normal distribution, geometric mean should be same as median.

## What is the difference between geometric and arithmetic returns?

Arithmetic returns are the everyday calculation of the average. The geometric mean is calculated by multiplying all the (1+ returns), taking the n-th root and subtracting the initial capital (1). The result is the same as compounding the returns across the years.

## When arithmetic mean geometric mean and harmonic mean are equal?

The product of arithmetic mean and harmonic mean is equal to the square of the geometric mean. AM × HM = GM^{2}. Among the three means, the arithmetic mean is greater than the geometric mean, and the geometric mean is greater than the harmonic mean.

## Is harmonic mean always less than arithmetic mean?

& (2) Harmonic mean is always lower than arithmetic mean and geometric mean. only if the values (or the numbers or the observations) whose means are to calculated are real and strictly positive.

## What is the difference between geometric mean and harmonic mean?

The geometric mean can be thought of as the arithmetic mean with certain log transformations. The harmonic mean is the arithmetic mean of the data set with certain reciprocal transformations.

## Is the geometric mean of two regression coefficient?

The coefficient of correlation is the geometric mean of the regression coefficients.

## The Difference Between the Arithmetic Mean and Geometric Mean

There are several methods for evaluating the performance of a financial portfolio and determining whether or not an investment plan is effective. The geometric average, often known as the geometric mean, is frequently used by investment experts to make decisions.

### Key Takeaways:

- In the case of series that display serial correlation, the geometric mean is the most appropriate choice. Specifically, this is true for investment portfolios because the majority of financial returns are connected, such as bond yields, stock returns, and market risk premiums, among other things. Compounding becomes increasingly crucial with increasing time horizon, and the usage of the geometric mean becomes more acceptable. Because it takes into account year-over-year compounding, the geometric average gives a significantly more accurate representation of the underlying return for volatile values.

Due to the compounding that happens from period to period, the geometric mean differs from thearithmetic mean, or arithmetic mean, in how it is determined. Investors generally believe that the geometric mean is a more accurate gauge of returns than the arithmetic mean as a result of this phenomenon.

## The Formula for Arithmetic Average

The portfolio returns for periodnn are represented by the numbers a1, a2,., ann where: a1, a2,., ann=Portfolio returns for periodnn=Number of periods begin A = fracsum_ n a i = fractextbfa 1, a 2, dotso, a n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=textn n=text A=n1 i=1n ai =na1 +a2 +.+an where:a1,a2,.,an =Portfolio returns for periodnn=Number of periodsnn=Number of periodsnn=Number of periodsnn=Number of periodsnn=Number of periods

## How to Calculate the Arithmetic Average

An arithmetic average is the product of the sum of a series of numbers divided by the number of numbers in that series. If you were asked to calculate the class (arithmetic) average of test results, you would simply add up all of the students’ test scores and divide that total by the number of students in the class. For example, if five students completed an exam and had scores of 60 percent, 70 percent, 80 percent, 90 percent, and 100 percent, the average for the arithmetic class would be 80 percent.

- It is because each score is an independent event that we use an arithmetic average to calculate test scores instead of a simple average.
- It is not uncommon in the field of finance to find that the arithmetic mean is not an acceptable way for determining an average.
- Consider the following scenario: you have been investing your funds in the financial markets for five years.
- With the arithmetic average, the average return would be 12 percent, which looks to be a substantial amount at first glance—but it is not totally correct in this case.
- They are interdependent.

Our goal is to arrive at an accurate calculation of your actual average yearly return over a five-year period. To do so, we must compute the geometric average of your investment returns.

## The Formula for Geometric Average

x1,x2,=Portfolio returns for each periodn=Number of periodsbeginleft(prod_ n x i ) = sqrttextbfx 1, x 2, the number of periods is equal to the sum of the returns on the portfolio for each period (x1, x2,.) and the number of periods is equal to the sum of the returns on the portfolio for each period (n1).

## How to Calculate the Geometric Average

It is possible to determine the geometric mean for a series of integers by multiplying the product of these values by the inverse of the length of the series. In order to do this, we add one to each of the numbers (to avoid any problems with negative percentages). In the next step, add up all of the numbers and elevate their product to a power of one divided by the number of numbers in the series. Then we take one away from the final result. When expressed in decimal form, the formula looks somewhat like this: [(1+R1)×(1+R2)×(1+R3)…×(1+Rn)] beginning with the number 1 and ending with the number 1 where R=Returnn=Count of the numbers in the series starting with the number 1 and ending with the number 1 – 1 textbftext= textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = textn = text 1 where: R = Returnn = Number of numbers in the series 1 where: R = Returnn = Number of numbers in the series Although the formula seems complicated, it is not as tough as it appears on paper.

Using our previous example, we can calculate the geometric average as follows: The percentages of returns we received were 90 percent, 10 percent, 20 percent, 30 percent, and -90 percent, therefore we entered them into the calculation as: (1.91.11.21.30.1).

The figure obtained by applying the geometric average is far worse than the 12 percent arithmetic average we obtained previously, and regrettably, it is also the number that best depicts reality in this particular instance as well.

## Arithmetic Mean – Geometric Mean

The Arithmetic Mean – Geometric Mean inequality, sometimes known as the AM-GM inequality, is defined as follows: The geometric mean cannot be greater than the arithmetic mean, and they will be equal if and only if all of the numbers picked are equal in the first instance. That is, a1+a2+anna1a2.annfracgesqrtwith equality if and only ifa1=a2=ana 1=a 2=cdots =a n, and a1=a2+anna1a2.annfracgesqrtwith equality if and only ifa1=a2=ana 1=a 2=cdots =a n To put it another way, i=1nain i=1nain. ge _sqrt Take, for example, the scenario where n=2,n=2, i.e.

- The AM-GM inequality therefore saysx+y2xy.dfracge xy.dfracge xy.dfracge sqrt.
- It is also possible to have equality whenx=ysqrt x=sqrt yor if the variables are equal to each other.
- Inducting variables based on the number of variables is a frequent strategy.
- Given the AM-GM disparity, here is a straightforward illustration.
- Allow the two numbers to beaa and bb to be used.

The AM-GM inequality asserts thata+b2ab,dfracgeq sqrt,implying for this issue thata+b2100=20.a + bgeq 2 sqrt= 20.a + bgeq 2 sqrt= 20.a + bgeq 2 sqrt= 20.a + bgeq 2 sqrt= 20.a + bgeq 2 sqrt= 20.a + bgeq 2 sqrt Note:When a=b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10a = b=10 You can experiment with an issue similar to the one shown above: The sum of two positive real numbers equals one hundred.

- Find the most profitable product for them.
- The three geen jellies are a trio of geen jellies.
- There is no way to establish a definitive relationship.
- The three red cubes have side lengths of abc, a b, and c, while the three green cuboids have dimensions of abc, a times b times c, as illustrated in the diagram above.
- AM-GM inequality may be demonstrated using a variety of approaches.
- The first item on the list is to demonstrate using some type of inductive reasoning.

Conventional inductions examine a base case and then demonstrate thatP(n)P(n+1)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n+1)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n)P(n) However, we will demonstrate the following:

- P(2)P(2)holds
- sP(n)⟹P(2n). P(n) implies P(2n)
- P(n) implies P(n1). P(n) implies P(n1). P(n) is equivalent to P(n-1)

What makes you think this will work? It is important to note that we leap fromnnto2n2nby demonstrating thatP(n)P(2n)P(n)implies P(n) (2n). In this case, we may induct backwards from2n2nton+1,n+1, usingP(n)P(n1)P(n)implies P(n-1), in order to check that all integers in the range of nand 2n2n(inclusive) fulfill the claim. Forward-backward induction is the term used to describe this. We’ll now proceed to demonstrate our points. It has previously been demonstrated that P(2)P(2) holds, and now we will demonstrate that P(n)P(2n)P(n)implies P.

- Positive realsa1, A2,.,a2na 1, A 2,.,a_ are taken into consideration.
- For anynnpositive reals, we can assume thatP(n)P(n)is true.
- In addition, we’ve utilized the base example, which has 22 variables.
- It is still necessary to demonstrate that P(n)P(n1)P(n)implies P(n) (n-1).
- Then you’ll observe that 1ni=1nai=1n(i=1n1ai+1n1i=1n1ai)=1n1i=1n1ai=1n(i=1n1ai+1n1i=1n1ai)=1n1i=1n1ai.
- dfracsum_ n a i =dfracleft(sum_ a i + dfracsum_ a iright)=dfracsum_ a i.
- As a result, the third element of the evidence has been completed, as has the induction.
- So let’s use that method to solving the problem.
- f(x) = log x for every x0 is defined as f(x).
- Thus, f(x)f(x) turns out to be a concave function when x = 1.

As a result, according to Jensen’s inequality, we havef(i=1nain)i=1nf(ai)nlog(i=1nain)i=1nlog(ai)n.beginfleft(dfrac n a i)right)f(i=1nain)f(i=1nain)f(i=1nain)f(i=1nain)f(i= eq dfrac n f left(a I right) eq dfrac n f left(a I right) eq dfrac n f left(a I right) eq dfrac n f left(a I right) eq dfrac n f left(a I right) eq dfrac n f left(a I right Rightarrow dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i dfrac n a i eq dfrac n log a I right eq dfrac n log a I right eq dfrac n log a I right eq dfrac n log a I right eq dfrac n log a I right eq dfrac n log a I right eq dfrac n log a I right eq dfrac n In accordance with the property of logarithms, we have the following: logax+logay=logabloga = log ab and bloga=logab log x + log y = log log xy.

In order to simplify the terms on the RHS, we can write them as log(i=1nain)i=1nlogain=log(i=1nain)i=1/n.beginlog left(dfrac n a i)geq dfrac n a i = dfrac n = log(i=1nain)1/n.endlog (i=1nain)i=1nlogain=log Another demonstration, made famous by a mathematician named George Pólya, does not rely on inductive reasoning to establish its validity.

Assume that given a sequence of positive realsaka kwith1kn1leq k nand a sequence of positive realspkp kwith1kn1leq k nsuch thatk=1npk=1sum_ p k = 1, a1p1a2p2a3p3anpna1p1a2p2a3p3+anpn.a 1p1a2p2a3p First, Pólya makes the observation that 1+xex,1+xleq ex, which can be readily proven visually by noting that equality occurs only atx=0x=0.

- This idea, according to legend, came to Pólya in a dream, in which he exclaimed that it was “the greatest mathematics he had ever imagined.” If we make the adjustment in variablesxx1xmapsto x-1, our initial observation becomesxex1xleq e, and our final observation becomesxex1xleq e.
- As a result, we may sayA,Gexp(k=1nakpk1).
- We have connected AA and GG via inequality, but we have not distinguished between them.
- The concept of “normalization” comes to mind at this point.

Create a new sequence k alpha k with 1 k n, 1 leq k n, where we have k=akAA=a1p1+a2p2+a3p3+anpn.begin alpha k= frac A =a 1p 1+a2p2+a3p3+cdots+a np n.end alpha k= frac A =a 1p 1+ Using our previously established bound forGGfor our new variableskalpha k, we obtain k=1nkpkexp(k=1nkpk1)k=1n(akA)pkexp(k=1nakApk1)k=1n(akA)pkexp(k=1nakApk1)k=1n(akA)pkexp(k=1nakApk1)k=1n(akA) beginprod_ alpha kleq exp left(sum_ alpha kp k-1 right) beginprod_ alpha kleq exp left(sum_ alpha kp k-1 right) beginprod_ alpha kleq exp left(sum_ alpha kp k-1 right) beginprod_ alpha kleq exp left(sum_ alpha kp k-1 right) beginprod_ alpha kle PRODUCTION LEVEL RIGHT (FRACTURE) LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL LEVEL So we have a 1p1, a 2p2, a 3p3, +anpnA=AA=1, sum_ fracp k = frac= frac= frac= 1, and it follows that exp(k=1nakApk1) = 1.exp left(sum fracp k-1right) = 1.

- In this case, we are driven to the conclusion that k=1n(akA)pk1, k=1nakpk1, k=1nApk1, etc., etc., etc., etc., etc., etc.
- Let SS represent a collection of positive real numbers.
- (a 1+a 2+cdots+a n) = underbrace The existence of a word that is the sum of all the terms of SS is well known to us at this point.
- The fact that every term is positive means that anynthntextpower expansion is bigger than its summand, and as a result, we obtain (i=1nai)Nn!
- It is written as left(sum_ ai right) and left(prod_ ai right) in the following format: Now all we have to do is recall the definition of geometric mean, which is the thenthntextroot of the product between all terms on a set, followed by some algebraic operations to arrive at the result.
- Now, we can establish by induction that for any positive integernn,nn!ngeq n!, and this proof will assist us in eliminating the factorial on the denominator of the previous inequality, which was previously mentioned.
- is formed as 11!1geq 1!, which is correct.

Then, here’s what we have: (k+1)k+1=kk+1+(k+1)⋅kk⋅11+k⋅(k+1)2⋅kk−1⋅12+⋯+1k+1kk+1+(k+1)⋅kkkk⋅(2k+1).

(2k+1)≥k!.

.kk⋅(2k+1)≥k⋅k!+(k+1)!(k+1)!

.beginkgeq k!

(k+1)!

Rightarrow k cdot(2k+1)(k+1)!

With(k+1)k+1 kk(2k+1)(k+1)kcdot (2k+1)andkk(2k+1)(k+1)!

kcdot (2k+1) (k+1)!, we get(k+1)k+1(k+1)!(k+1)k+1(k+1)!(k+1)k+1(k+1)!(k+1)k+1(k+1)!

However, fork=0k=0 In the previous section, we observed that there is equality, and it becomes (k+1)k+1(k+1)!(k+1)geq (k+1)!, as we sought to demonstrate.

1nn≤1n!

fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq fracleq frac In this case, the arithmetic mean is mam a Now, using a geometric understanding of the real line, the following findings are simple to comprehend: kmg0⟹mg∈(0,k)k≥ma0⟹ma∈(0,k].

- m a 0 implies m a in (0, k).
- Otherwise, they are on an equal footing.
- square mgma.m g m a.
- square mgma.m g m a.
- square Application for AM-GM (Main Article) More information on the applications of AM-GM inequality may be found in the paper referenced above, as well as in the section below.
- The minimal value of (1+1x)(1+1y)left(1+fracright)left(1+fracright) is found if and only if x,y=8x,y=8 and x,y=8x,y=8.
- From AM-GMx+y2xy4xy16xy116xy1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1xy+1 As a result, the smallest possible value of(1+1x)(1+1y)left(1+fracright)left(1+fracright)left(1+fracright)left(1+fracright)is2516frac.

It should be noted that the equality is true whenx=y=4.x=y=4 They may be calculated by noting that the smallest value is attained whenxy=16,xy=16, together with the specified restriction thatx+y=8, and then multiplying that number by eight.

In this case, we use the 3-variable version of AM-GM withx1=a3, x2=a3, x 1=a3, and x 2 = a3.

Afterwards, we multiply both sides by three to get b2ba2 + a3 + b3geq 3a2ba3 + a3 + b3geq 3a2ba3 □_square Find all of the true answers to 2x+x2=212x2x + x2 = 2 – frac.2x+x2=2 – frac.2x+x2=2 – frac.2x+x2=2 – frac.2x+x2=2 – frac.2x+x2=2 – frac.2x+x2=2 – frac.2x+x2=2 – frac.

We have2x2+12x=2×22 leq 2x + frac= 2 – x2, so0x20 geq x2.

is the only value that can be used.

□_square Look for all of the true positive solutions to 4x+18y=14,2y+9z=15,9z+16x=17.

end4x + frac=14,2y + frac=15,9z + frac=17.

Summation of the above three inequalities yields the following result: 416x, 2Y, 18Y, 9Z, 9Z16, 12 and 18=46.

4x + frac+ 2y + frac+ 9z + fracgeq 16 + 12 + 18 = 46.

Furthermore, by summing the three given equations, we obtain4x+16x+2y+18y+9z+9z=46.

With these values entered into the original equations, we observe that (x, y, and z)=(2, 3, 1)(x, y, and Z)=(2, 3, 1)(x, y, and Z) = (2, 3, 1)is in fact a solution.

Solution 1: By expanding both sides, we can cancel termsa2c2a2c2andb2d2b2d2, which means we must show thata2d2+b2c2acbda is equal to a2d2+b2c2acbda.

2d2 + B2 = 2aCBd.

2.big(a2+b2big)big(c2+d2big) = (ac+bd)2 + (ad-bc)2 = (ac+bd)2 + (ad-bc)2 = (ac+bd)2 + (ad-bc)2 = (ac+bd)2 + (ad-bc)2 = (ac+bd)2 + (ad-bc)2 = (ac The right-hand side is bigger than or equal to (ac+bd)2, which is non-negative since squares are non-negative.

abc(a+b+c) = a4 + b4 + c4 = abc(a+b+c).

Think about how we can acquire words on the right hand side of the screen by using AM-GM.

This provides a hint to trya4+a4+b4+c4a2bc.a4 + a4 + b4 + c4 eq 4 a2 b c.a4 + a4 + b4 + c4 eq 4 a2 b c.a4 + a4 + b4 + c4 eq 4 a2 b c.a4 + a4 + b4 + Similarly, we have a4+b4+b4+c4+4ab2ca4 +b4 +b4 +c4 geq 4ab2 c and a4+b4+c4+c4abc2.a4 + b4 + c4 + c4 geq 4abc2.a4 + b4 + c4 + c4 geq 4abc2.a4 + b4 + 2.

- In the case of abc(a+b+c), the equation is a4 + b4 + c4 = a2c + ab2c + ab2 = abc(a+b+c).
- frac+frac+frac+frac What is the smallest possible value ofP2A?frac for all rectangles with perimeterPP and areaAA?
- Examples of problems: Figure out what the smallest possible value of4+9x2sin2xxsinxfor0x.fractext 0xpi is.
- We can also write the expression 4+9x2SINX2XSINXfrac sin as 4xSINX.
- squareForx0x0, the maximum value is maximizef(x)=(1+x)(1+x)(1x), and the minimum value is 1212.
- Give your answer with as many decimal places as you want.
- This time, we’ll use the same approach to Jensen’s inequality that we used to prove the AM-GM inequality above to demonstrate the weighted AM-GM inequality.
- It is true that allaka kare are equal if they are all equal.
- It follows that if at least one of the aka kis is zero (but not all), then the weighted geometric mean is zero, while the weighted arithmetic mean is positive, and that the strict inequality holds in this case.

sayln(ω1a1+⋯+ωnanω)w1wlna1+⋯+wnwlnan=ln(a1ω1×2ω2⋯anωn∑ i).beginlnBigl(fracomega Bigr)frac wln a 1+cdots+frac wln a n =ln left(sqrtx 2cdots a n)ln right(sqrtx 2cdots a n)ln right(sqrtx 2cdots a

## Art of Problem Solving

Known technically as theInequality of Arithmetic and Geometric Meansor colloquially as AM-GM in mathematics, theAM-GM Inequality says that the arithmetic mean of any list of nonnegative reals is either greater than or equal to the geometric mean of that list. Furthermore, the two means are identical if and only if every number in the list is the same for each of the two groups of numbers. In symbols, the inequality asserts that for any real numbers, withequalityif and only if is true for any real numbers.

Applications may be found at the beginner, intermediate, and olympiad levels of problems, with AM-GM being particularly important in proof-based contests, among other places.

## Proofs

Induction and other more sophisticated inequalities are used in all known proofs of AM-GM, as described in the main article. They are also all more sophisticated than their application in the majority of beginning and intermediate contests, which is a good thing. AM-most GM’s simple proof makes use ofCauchy Induction, a type of induction in which one proves a result for, then uses induction to extend this to all powers of, and finally argues that assuming the result forimplies that it holds for all other powers of.

## Generalizations

It has proven possible to generalize the AM-GM Inequality into a number of different inequalities. Other generalizations of AM-GM include theMinkowski Inequality andMuirhead’s Inequality, which are in addition to those already mentioned.

### Weighted AM-GM Inequality

The Weighted Arithmetic-Geometric Means Inequality is a relationship between the weighted arithmetic and geometric means According to the rule, given any list of weights such that, with equality if and only if When the weighted form is reduced to the AM-GM Inequality, the result is a positive value. The proofs of the AM-GMarticle contain a number of proofs of the Weighted AM-GM Inequality.

### Mean Inequality Chain

It is the weighted arithmetic and geometric means that are related by the AM-GM Inequality. According to this rule, given any list of weights such that, with equality if and only if As a result of this, the AM-GM Inequality is reduced to its weighted version. You may find several proofs of the Weighted AM-GM Inequality in the proofs of AM-GMarticle.

### Power Mean Inequality

TheWeighted AM-GM Inequality is a relationship between the weighted arithmetic and geometric means of two variables. It claims that for every list of weights such that, with equality if and only if As a result of this, the weighted form may be reduced to the AM-GM Inequality. The proofs of AM-GMarticle provide a number of proofs of the Weighted AM-GM Inequality.

## Problems

- Inequality
- Mean Inequality Chains
- Power Mean Inequality
- Cauchy-Schwarz Inequality
- Proofs of AM-GM

## Question Corner – Applications of the Geometric Mean

Panel de navigation: (These buttons explainedbelow) On May 22, 1997, Senthil Manick posed the following question: When would it be appropriate to utilize the geometric mean rather than the arithmetic mean? In general, what is the function of the geometric mean and why is it important? When numerous values are added together to generate a total, the arithmetic mean is important to consider. Arithmetic mean provides a solution to the question, “If all of the variables were equal, what would the value of the mean be in order to obtain the same total?” Similar to this, the geometric mean is useful whenever a number of variables multiply to yield a single product.

- What is the typical rate of return on this investment?
- The geometric mean of these three integers is the amount that is significant.
- If you compute the geometric mean, you will obtain roughly 1.283, which means that the average rate of return is approximately 28% on the investment (not 30 percent which is what the arithmetic mean of 10 percent , 60 percent , and 20 percent would give you).
- Listed below are some fundamental mathematical truths regarding the arithmetic and geometric means: Consider the following scenario: we have two quantities, A and B.
- According to one interpretation (which is probably the most widely accepted), this quantity represents the halfway between the two integers when regarded as points on a line.
- A second way to think about the arithmetic mean is to think of it as the length of the sides of a square whose perimeter is the same as our rectangle.
- In mathematics, it is well known that the geometric mean is always smaller than or equal to the arithmetic mean (with the equivalence occurring only when A = B).

It should be noted that this inequality may be rather powerful and that it does appear in the proofs of several calculus results from time to time.

Ellis, a student at Southeast Bulloch High School: Could you please provide the formula for the geometric mean of a series of numbers if I’m trying to calculate the compound annual growth rate for a series of numbers that includes negative figures?

As a result, the geometric mean of numbers is equal to the square root of the product.

For example, if you’re looking at an investment that rises by 10% one year and declines by 20% the next, the simple rates of change are 10% and -20%, but that’s not what you’re looking at when you’re considering the geometric mean of the investment.

At the conclusion of the second year, you have 0.8 times the amount of money you had at the beginning of the second year (the original minus one fifth of it).

This means that the mean is around 0.938.

This results in (roughly) -6.2 percent compound annual growth rate.

I have discovered that the terms “average percentage growth” and “average % growth rate” have drastically different definitions in the research, and in many instances, I am unable to discern between the usage of the words “growth” and “growth rate” in the literature.

However, while I, along with the majority of those I spoke with, first thought that these GICs were ensuring a rate of return that was equivalent to the rate of growth of the index, the bank had a different meaning.

Rather than considering the growth by month-end for each month (which is 10 for the first month, 20 for the second, and so on, with this growth reaching 120 by the twelfth month), the bank appears to be taking an average of these growths, resulting in a “average growth” of 60 and an average percentage growth of 60/1000 or 6 percent.

In terms of other definitions, there appears to be widespread agreement on the following:

- It was a genuine growth rate of 120/1000 or 12 percent. The average percentage growth rate every year is 12 percent
- However, the rate might vary. A 12-percent compound annual growth rate is seen
- Nonetheless,

It appears to me that averaging growth, as done by the bank, is inappropriate in this case. Because an average should be comprised of equal periods, in the bank’s calculation, we average growth for the first month with growth for the first 11 months to arrive at an average growth for the first month. Because the index units increased by 10 each month, should the average growth rate not be 10 units each month as well? If so, how is this different from the average growth rate of 10 units per month?

- When it comes to growth and growth rate, what, if any, is the right difference to make?
- First, let’s try to get our heads around the terms.
- The term “growth” is frequently used in a broad sense to refer to any of the notions listed above.
- In your example, the growth for the period comprising of the first month was ten, and the growth for the period consisting of the first twelve months was one hundred and twenty percent.
- It is possible that it will change over time.
- If the growth rate remains constant throughout a period of time, then the average growth rate for that period will be the same as the constant number from the beginning of the period.
- The average monthly growth rate throughout all time periods was similarly 10 units per month on average.

During the whole year, the average growth rate was 120 units every 12 months, which equates to 10 units each month.

After instance, if a ten-dollar investment increased in value by one dollar over a year (an average growth rate of one dollar per year), you would anticipate a ten-thousand-dollar investment to increase in value by one thousand dollars per year: a vastly different annual growth rate!

In a period of time, the percentage growth is calculated as a ratio of the growth to the initial value.

During the second month, the percentage increase rate was around 0.99 percent (10/1010).

When comparing a percentage growth rate to a current value, we have the term “percentage growth rate.” If the index value is 1000 and it is rising at a pace of 10 units each month, the index is experiencing a percentage growth rate of 1 percent per month, as seen in the example above.

And so forth.

The only problematic part about percentage growth rate is that it varies depending on the unit of measurement: a percentage growth rate of 1 percent per month is not the same as a percentage growth rate of 12 percent per year.

A percentage growth rate of one percent per month is the same as a percentage growth rate of around 12.7 percent per year, as seen in the chart below.

If your units are years, then T =1.G= 12 percent, which means that the average percentage growth rate isper year.

If your units are months, the average percentage growth rate is 0.949 percent each month, which is approximately 0.949 percent annually.

When people in the investing community talk about “growth” or “growth rate,” they are frequently referring to percentage growth and percentage growth rate, respectively.

As you point out, averaging the growth rates over time periods of widely varying lengths is not especially helpful in terms of inferring trends.

What is appropriate, however, is to average the growth rates over overlapping time periods of equal durations, in order to smooth out changes in the index’s value over time.

You wouldn’t want to be able to claim that there was no development at all throughout the course of the year just because the day you chose for the evaluation of the index happened to be a lousy one, would you?

As a result, it is usual practice to take an average of the index value over a certain period of time.

This is because the index’s average1996 value is the same as the index’s average1997 value.

Now, if the index remained at 1000 for the whole year 1996 and then increased to 1120 in the manner you describe during 1997, you would only be receiving a 6 percent return from the average 1996 value (1000) to the average 1997 value (1120), which is a disappointing result (1060).

Another option that could be appropriate is to take an average of the percentage increases across several 12-month periods that all finish in the same year.

Due to the fact that the percentage growth rates are being averaged across equal but overlapping time periods, this is an appropriate type of average to use.

Suppose the index began 1996 at 1000 and increased consistently at a rate of 10 units per month, reaching almost 1240 by the end of 1997, before collapsing to 1150 on the final day of 1997 owing to a sudden correction in the markets.

Despite the fact that the increase from December 31, 1996 to December 31, 1997 was just 2.7 percent on an annualized basis (from 1120 to 1150), the growth from November 30, 1996 to November 30, 1997 was about 11 percent (from 1110 to 1230).

According to my suspicions, the GIC you are worried about is most likely using some form of acceptable averaging, such as the one described above, and that the bank has miscommunicated the method of computation to you.

In other words, you will experience the unreasonably high returns during the first year of the investment, but these impacts will be negligible over the long run.

Certainly, this represents average growth over periods of differing lengths, but the periods range from 9 years to 10 years, which represents a significantly smaller difference than your example, in which the periods range from 1 month to 12 months!

However, I hope that this has helped to clarify some of the mathematical concepts involved.

Philip Spencer is the original web site creator and developer of mathematical content.

Panel de navigation: Return to the previous page, Regular Withdrawals on Compound Interest.

Continue toScientific Notation in Everyday LifeSwitch to the text-only version of the document (no graphics) Obtain a printed version in PostScript format by clicking here (requires PostScript printer) Visit the home page of the University of Toronto Mathematics Network.

## Geometric Mean vs Arithmetic Mean

In the realm of finance, the Arithmetic mean and the Geometric mean are the two most generally used techniques for calculating the returns on investment for investment portfolios, respectively. When people report larger returns, they do it using mathematics, which is not the most accurate way of estimating the return on investment. Because the return on investment for a portfolio over time is reliant on the returns in prior years, calculating the return on investment for a certain time period using the Geometric mean is the right method of calculating returns.

- Use of Geometric Mean vs.
- Let’s look at an example of return on investment for a $100 investment over a period of two years.
- Calculating the average return using the arithmetic mean will result in a return of 0 percent (Arithmetic mean = (-50 percent + 50 percent) /2 = 0 percent).
- A deeper look at the situation, on the other hand, paints a completely different image of the situation.
- As a result, the investor does not achieve breakeven on its investment as predicted by the arithmetic mean average, but instead suffers a loss of $25 on its investment after two years.
- Following two years, the following is the investment position: Consequently, the Geometric mean reveals the actual image of investment, which is that there has been a loss in investment with an annualized negative return of -13.40 percent compared to the historical data.
- 2.
- It is possible to determine the average of a student’s marks for five topics using the arithmetic mean, because the scores of the student in different courses are independent of one another.

### Head to Head Comparison between Geometric Mean vs Arithmetic Mean (Infographics)

The following are the main eight distinctions between Geometric Mean and Arithmetic Mean:

### Key Differences between Geometric Mean vs Arithmetic Mean

Let’s have a look at some of the most significant distinctions between Geometric Mean and Arithmetic Mean:

- Neither the Geometric Mean nor the Arithmetic Mean are the techniques used to determine the returns on investment in finance, although they are both utilized in other areas such as economics and statistics. The arithmetic mean is determined by dividing the sum of the numbers by the total number of numbers in the sample size. Geometric methods, on the other hand, take into consideration the compounding impact during the calculation. In order to accurately evaluate the return on investment over a specified time period, the geometric mean should be used. Because the returns on investment for a portfolio over time are interconnected, it is important to understand how they work. The Arithmetic mean, on the other hand, is more appropriate in situations when the variables being utilized for computation are not dependent on one another. Because the arithmetic mean is more helpful and accurate when used to compute the average of a data collection with numbers that are not skewed or dependant on one another, it is more commonly utilized. Geometric means, on the other hand, are more effective and accurate in situations when there is a lot of volatility in a data set. In compared to the geometric mean, which is somewhat hard to compute and use, the arithmetic mean is comparatively simple to calculate and apply. When it comes to the realm of finance, the geometric mean is quite popular, especially when it comes to the computation of portfolio returns. However, when it comes to return calculation, an Arithmetic mean is not an effective instrument to utilize. Whenever two numbers are compared, the Arithmetic mean of the numbers is always greater than the Geometric mean of the numbers.

### Geometric Mean vs Arithmetic Mean Comparison Table

Neither the Geometric Mean nor the Arithmetic Mean are methods for calculating the returns on investment in finance, although they are both utilized in other fields such as economics and statistics. The arithmetic mean is computed by dividing the sum of the numbers by the total number of numbers in the sample population. Geometric methods, on the other hand, take into consideration the compounding impact throughout the computation; Return on investment for a certain time period should be calculated using the geometric mean, which is the right method.

The Arithmetic mean, on the other hand, is better suited to situations in which the variables being utilized for computation are not dependent on one another.

Geometric means, on the other hand, are more effective and accurate in situations when there is a lot of volatility in a data set; In compared to the Geometric mean, which is more difficult to compute and use, the arithmetic mean is significantly easier to calculate and use.

However, when it comes to return computation, an Arithmetic mean is not the best instrument to utilize.

The Basis Of Comparison | Arithmetic Mean | Geometric Mean |

Definition | The arithmetic average of a series of numbers is the sum of all the numbers in the series divided by the counts of the total number in the series. | Geometric means takes into account the compounding effect during the calculation period. This is calculated by multiplying the numbers in a series and taking the nth root of the multiplication. Where n is the numbers count in series. |

Formula | If there are two numbers X and Y in the series thanArithmetic mean = (X+Y)/2 | If there are two numbers X and Y in the series thanGeometric mean = (XY)^(1/2) |

Suitability of Use | Arithmetic means shall be used in a situation wherein the variables are not dependent on each other, and data sets are not varying extremely. Such as calculating the average score of a student in all the subjects. | Geometric mean shall be used to calculate the mean where the variables are dependent on each other. Such as calculating the annualized return on investment over a period of time. |

Effect of Compounding | The arithmetic mean does not take into account the impact of compounding, and therefore, it is not best suited to calculate the portfolio returns. | The geometric mean takes into account the effect of compounding, therefore, better suited for calculating the returns. |

Accuracy | The use of Arithmetic means to provide more accurate results when the data sets are not skewed and not dependent on each other. | Where there is a lot of volatility in the data set, a geometric mean is more effective and more accurate. |

Application | The arithmetic mean is widely used in day to day simple calculations with a more uniform data set. It is used in economics and statistics very frequently. | The geometric mean is widely used in the world of finance, specifically in calculating portfolio returns. |

Ease of Use | The arithmetic mean is relatively easy to use in comparison to the Geometric mean. | The geometric mean is relatively complex to use in comparison to the Arithmetic mean. |

Mean for the same set of numbers | The arithmetic mean for two positive numbers is always higher than the Geometric mean. | The geometric mean for two positive numbers is always lower than the Arithmetic mean. |

### Conclusion

Geometric Mean and Arithmetic Mean are both used in many fields such as economics, finance, statistics, and other related fields depending on their applicability. When the variables are dependent and highly skewed, the geometric mean is a more appropriate method of finding the mean since it produces more accurate results. When the variables are not interdependent, an Arithmetic mean is used to determine the average, however when they are, an arithmetic mean is employed. As a result, in order to get the optimum effects, these two should be employed in an appropriate context.

### Recommended Articles

This has served as a reference to the most significant distinction between Geometric Mean and Arithmetic Mean. In this section, we also highlight the fundamental distinctions between Geometric Mean and Arithmetic Mean, using infographics and a comparison table. You may also want to have a look at the following articles for further information.

- Finance against economics
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## Geometric mean never exceeds arithmetic mean

As a result of JavaMan’s suggestion, I came up with the following: Suppose the following assertion is true:$:P(eta)equiv big frac sum limits eta: eta: eta: eta: geq: large frac sum limits eta: eta: £££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££££ ^ j,::jinmathbb $ Now, $:P(1)equivlargefrac$$:geq:sqrt:longleftrightarrow :a 1-:a 2 :a 1-:a 2 $:P(1)equivlargefrac$$:geq:sqrt:longleftrightarrow $:P(1)equivlargefrac$$:geq:sqrt:longleftrightarrow $:P(1)equivlargefrac$$:geq $$sqrt+a 2:geq:0:longleftrightarrow :left $$sqrt+a 2:geq:0:longleftrightarrow $$sqrt+a 2:geq:0:longleftrightarrow $$sqrt+a 2:geq:0:longleftrightarrow $$sqrt+a 2:geq:0:longleft (sqrt-sqrtright) ^ 2:geq:0 Which is unquestionably correct.

Suppose that $:P(eta):$is true for all eta:$and that we can prove that it is also true for $:P(eta+1):$then we may go on to the next step.

Large Frac Sum Limits – to a frac sum limit of a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – to a given size – ” $ ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” ” If $:a jleqlargefrac is true, then $$(a j):for all j:$then, $$(a j):$then, $:large fracsum limits eta:normalsize $:large fracsum limits $$:leq:largefracsum limits eta:frac(normalsize a j):$and$:leq:largefracprod limits eta:frac(normalsize a j):$and$:leq:largefracprod limits eta:frac(normalsize a j):$and$:leq:largefracprod limits eta:frac(normalsize a j) $$:leq:large prod limits $$:etafrac(sqrt):$ $$:leq:large prod limits $$:leq:large prod limits $$:leq:large prod limits $$:leq:large prod limits $$:leq:large prod limits $$:leq:large prod limits $$:leq:large As a result, by setting $:largePsi_ :$$=$:largefracsum limits a j:$, we get $:largePsi_ :$$=$:largefracsum limits a j:$ Phi = production limits eta sqrt:$we have $large:$Phi_ = production limits eta sqrt $1.largePsi_ = Psi left(Psi ,Psi_ right) $1.largePsi_ $$:geq:$$:largePsileft(Phi ,Phi_ )$$:largePsiright(Phi ,Phi_ )$$:largePsiright(Phi ,Phi_ )$$:largePsiright(Phi ,Phi_ )$$:largePsiright(Phi ,Phi_ )$$:largePsi $$:geq:$$largePhileft(Phi ,Phi right)=largePhi_ $$:geq:$$largePhileft(Phi ,Phi right)=largePhi_ $$:geq:$$largePhileft(Phi ,Phi right)=largePhi_ $$:geq:$$largePhileft(Phi ,P This demonstrates that $:largePsi is correct.

When $$:geq:$$:Phi:$is a power of$:eta:$, $$:geq:$$:Phi:$is a power of$:eta:$, $$:geq:$$:Phi:$is a power of$:eta:$ Suppose $$ = because the value of the variable $large omega normalsize,$$ is a power of $2$, and the value of $large omega normalsize is a power of $2$, and the value of $large omega normalsize is a power of $2$, and the value of the variable $large omega normalsize is a power of $2$, and the value of $large omega normalsize is a power of Because$:large frac sum limits omega: =large Psi_ $, it follows that$:left(large Psi_ right)cdot left(large Psi_ right)leq:left(large Psi_ right)leq:left(large Psi_ right)leq:left(large Psi_ right)leq: $Then, by placing both sides of the final inequality at the $:(largefrac):$ position, we get the following result: :$power produces the following results: $:largeprod limits ^ Large fracsum limits for the etasqrt:leq:large fracsum limits eta: $ eta: $ $:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::Largeclubsuit$

## Using the Arithmetic Mean-Geometric Mean Inequality in Problem Solving.

Some of the information in this article was used to construct a presentation for the Annual Meeting of the School Mathematics and Science Association, which was held in Birmingham on November 8, 2012. Version in PDF format The Arithmetic Mean-Geometric Mean Inequality (AM-GM Inquality) is a mathematical connection that is important to many mathematical concepts. It is a valuable tool for problem solving and for establishing connections with other branches of mathematics. The use of this concept in classroom mathematics should be greater than it is today.

This paper provides a broad introduction to the theorem as well as some background information and extensions, alternate demonstrations of the proof, and instances of situations that may be investigated utilizing the AM-GM Inquality.

In my examples, I will concentrate on the theorem for two positive numbers, but I will also discuss the extensions below and occasionally use the case for three positive numbers to illustrate the point.

The link raises the question of whether it is possible to generalize the evidence in accordance with the lines of argument presented by Courant and Robbins (1942).

GEOMETRIC DEMONSTRATION OF THE RMS-AM-GM-HM INEQUALITY For two positive values a and b, in particular, Using a more sophisticated degree of analysis (maybe a more basic approach?) They are all instances of Power Methods, which are defined as follows: where the power parameter has distinct values for each of the different means These are sometimes referred to as Generalized Means.

- For example, it is commonly known that the maximum area of a rectangle with a set perimeter is equal to the area of a square with the same perimeter.
- Comment: The word “minimum” should be replaced with the word “maximum” in the second statement below.
- 2a + 2b = 10 is the fixed perimeter of the circle.
- Let brerepresent the length of one side and 5 – b represent the length of the opposite side of the equation.

points on the blue curve with Area = 6.25 are always greater than points on the red curve (that is, the area of a rectangular prism will never be greater than 6.25), and the blue curve (a horizontal line representing an invariant) is tangent to the red curve when and only when (b = (5-a) = (b), that is, when b =2.5.

The other side has a value of 5 – x.

When a =b, the area is always smaller than the constant, and when a =b, the area is equal to the constant.

Here is an example of a challenge addressed to students on my website: Unlike the first problem, in which ab is a constant rather thana + b, the second problem is straightforward and arises directly from the AM-GM Inequality: In this part, I will restrict the investigation to the most straightforward scenario: The arithmetic mean and geometric mean of two positive integers are both equal to one another.

In my Problem Solving course, I want the students to discover at least 5 demonstrations or proofs, which I refer to as an EXPLORATION.

Seeing a variety of approaches to this relationship can aid in comprehending it, recognizing its significance, and recognizing its use as a problem-solving tool in the future.

## Some algebra

Construct a semicircle with a diameter equal to the sum of the two numbers a and b. The Arithmetic Mean of a and b will be used to get the radius. From the common endpoints of the segments of lengtha andb, construct a line perpendicular to the diameter of the circle. Create the red segment by intersecting this perpendicular with the semicircle and extending it from there. This segment will always have a length that is less than or equal to the radius of the circle, and it will always be equal if and only if a and b have the same length.

## Another Geometry Example

It is necessary to start with the identity: Sincewe havewith equality if and only ifa = b, we can proceed to the demonstration. Another Geometry Exemplification Given two tangent circles with radii a and b, solve for a. Using the two circles, construct an exterior tangent that is common to both circles, then connect the radii of each circle to the common tangent. Calculate the length indicatedc by?along the common tanget in terms ofa and b using the formula. A right triangle with legs of length?

- The segment along the common tangent has length twice the geometric mean of the two segments.
- Allow the CD to pass through the midway M of the AB equation.
- The lengths are all in the positive direction.
- We can only be certain that x + y = 2z with equality if M is the midway of the CD.

## Cost of Fencing a Field

An agriculturalist wishes to fence in 60,000 square feet of land in a rectangular plot along a straight highway, posing the following problem: The fence he intends to use along the highway will cost him $2 per foot, but the fence he intends to use on the other three sides will cost him $1 per foot When purchasing fences, how much of each type will be required to ensure that costs are kept as low as possible?

What is the bare minimum in terms of expenditure? Solution: (This is a common calculus issue, yet there is no need for calculus here!)

## Minimum of

An agriculturalist want to fence in 60,000 square feet of land in a rectangular plot along a straight roadway, which is a difficult task. Fences along the highway will cost $2 per foot, while fences on the other three sides will cost $1 per foot. He proposes to use a $2 per foot fence along the highway.

When purchasing fences, how much of each kind will be required to ensure that expenditures be kept as low as possible. Who determines what is the bare minimum? Solution: It is a common calculus issue, however it is not necessary to have knowledge of calculus!

## Construct a Square with Same Area as a Given Rectangle

Construction of a square with a straightedge and a compass that has the same area as a specified rectangle is the objective of the task. The area of the square will be banded, and the length of the side of the square will be the geometric mean of the area. Consider: The geometric mean of a and b is shown by the red section.

## Maximum Area of a Sector of a Circle With Fixed Perimeter

Recognizing the nature of the situation. A sector of a circle is defined by its perimeter, which is made up of two radii, and the arc of the circle that connects the ends of the two radii. Compare the areas of three sectors, each with P = 100 and center angles of 45 degrees, 90 degrees, and 180 degrees, and each with P = 100. Eighth circle, quarter circle, and semicircle sectors are all included in this category. As the angles increase, the radii decrease in length because more of the fixed perimeter is included inside the arc as the angles increase.

There is a maximum amount of space available anywhere.

## Sector as Fraction of a Circle

When it comes to dealing with radian measure, some students (as well as teachers) are uncomfortable. For them, the following technique would be appropriate: In this case, letkbe the fraction of a circle represented by the thesector 0k1. Because the perimeter is a constant, we may describe it as twice the radius multiplied by the proportion of the circumference of the circle. The area of the sector in fraction notation can be expressed as either a function of r or a function of k, depending on whether the perimeter equation is substituted for r or for k in the sector equation.

The angle is a fraction of a degree less than 120 degrees.

## Sector in Radian Measure

It is interesting to note the similarity between this solution and the previous one, in which the square was the maximum area for rectangles with set perimeter.

## Inequalities Problems

To complete a right triangle, construct segments from the diameter’s ends in the manner shown.

## Maximumand Minimum of

Rewrite The value of the function is always less than or equal to.5 when x0 is taken into consideration, according to the arithmetic mean-geometric mean inequality. When x = 1, the value of the function is equal to.5. When applied to x0, a similar parameter leads to the discovery of the minimum of the function when x = -1. We must apply the Arithmetic Mean – Geometric Mean Inequality to – x and -1/x when x0 is positive since the inequality holds only for positive numbers. We’re aware of it. Always remember that this is for x0, thus -x and -1/x are both positive.

When either side of the inequality is multiplied by -1, the result is equality, which occurs when x = -1. In order to do this, the value of the function is always greater than or equal to -0.5, and it is only equal to -0.5 when x equals -1. Look at the graphs.

## Maximum off(x) = (1-x)(1+x)(1+x)

It is necessary for us to know when the function reaches its maximum in an interval since we have three elements in the function. In order to benefit from the AM-GMInequality, we must ensure that the total of these elements equals a fixed amount of money. That is why we require 2x rather than x. We may obtain this information by doing the following: In the case of x inif, the function achieves its maximum value only if2(x) = 1 + x2 – 2x = 1 + x1 = 3x = 1 + x2 – 2x = 1 + x1 = 3x = 1 + x2 – 2x = 1 + x1 = 3x = 1 + x1 = 3x = 1 + x1 = 3x That is to say,

## MinimumSurface Area of a Can of Fixed Volume

The form of the can (e.g., short and fat vs. tall and slim) that is used to package a product in a given volume may be determined by different criteria such as tradition and presumptive client preferences, among other things, in the case of a fixed volume. Take, for example, the fact that all 12 oz. Coke cans are the same form – with a height of around 5 inches and a radius of approximately 1.25 inches – Why? What if the decision was made with the goal of reducing the amount of material utilized to create the can?

What is the connection between the radius and the height when attempting to decrease the surface area of a fixed volume of material?

The volume is set at a certain level.

What is the very bare minimal S?

## Maximum area of a Pen, fixed length of fencing, with Partitions Parallel to a Side

Consider the following scenario: you have 100 feet of fencing. You’re looking for a rectangular pen with a divider running parallel to one of the sides. The 100 feet of fence must encircle all four sides of the building as well as the partition. What is the form of the pen, and how much space does it have at its maximum? Demonstrate that the maximum area penis has the following dimensions: 25 ft. by 16.67 ft. with a maximum area of roughly 417.7 sq. ft.

### Prove the Maximum Area of a Triangle with Fixed Perimeter is Equilateral

Find the point on the graph of that is the most closely associated with the origin. (Click on the link to get to the debate) Given a triangle with one side measuring 9 units in length and the ratio of the other two sides being 40/41, find the length of the other side. Calculate the largest possible area. (Discussion may be found at the link) Calculate the maximum volume of a box created from a 25by 25 square sheet of cardboard by removing a tiny square from each corner and folding up the edges to produce a lidless box using the Arithmetic Mean-Geometric MeanInequality.

Clearly, the proof of3implies the proofs of the previous two.

On the right is a portion of a spreadsheet displaying the results of the calculation for. An accurate estimate is obtained rather rapidly with this procedure. The Excel file may be downloaded by clicking HERE. Fill in the blanks in cellA1 with the valueN for which the square root is desired.