What Is The General Formula For An Arithmetic Sequence? (Solution found)

An arithmetic sequence can be defined by an explicit formula in which an = d (n – 1) + c, where d is the common difference between consecutive terms, and c = a1.

Contents

What is the general rule in arithmetic sequence?

An arithmetic sequence is a sequence where the difference between each successive pair of terms is the same. The explicit rule to write the formula for any arithmetic sequence is this: an = a1 + d (n – 1)

What is the formula for geometric sequences?

A geometric sequence is a sequence in which the ratio of any term to the previous term is constant. The explicit formula for a geometric sequence is of the form an = a1r1, where r is the common ratio.

What is a general term of a sequence?

What is the general term of the sequence? The general term of a sequence a n a_n an​ is a term that can represent every other term in the sequence. It relates each term is the sequence to its place in the sequence. For example, given the sequence. { − 1, − 2, − 3, − 4, − 5,… }

How do you find the sum of an arithmetic sequence?

Explanation: To find the sum of an arithmetic sequence, use the formula Sn=n(a1+an)2 where Sn is the sum of n terms, a1 is the first term in the sequence, and an is the nth term.

What is geometric and arithmetic?

Arithmetic Sequence is described as a list of numbers, in which each new term differs from a preceding term by a constant quantity. Geometric Sequence is a set of numbers wherein each element after the first is obtained by multiplying the preceding number by a constant factor.

7.2 – Arithmetic Sequences

An arithmetic sequence is a succession of terms in which the difference between consecutive terms is a constant number of terms.

Common Difference

The common difference is named as such since it is shared by all subsequent pairs of words and is thus referred to as such. It is indicated by the letter d. If the difference between consecutive words does not remain constant throughout time, the sequence is not mathematical in nature. The common difference can be discovered by removing the terms from the sequence that are immediately preceding them. The following is the formula for the common difference of an arithmetic sequence: d = an n+1- a n

General Term

A linear function is represented as an arithmetic sequence. As an alternative to the equation y=mx+b, we may write a =dn+c, where d is the common difference and c is a constant (not the first term of the sequence, however). Given that each phrase is discovered by adding the common difference to the preceding term, this definition is a k+1 = anagrammatical definition of the term “a k +d.” For each phrase in the series, we’ve multiplied the difference by one less than the number of times the term appears in the sequence.

For the second term, we’ve just included the difference once in the calculation.

When considering the general term of an arithmetic series, we may use the following formula: 1+ (n-1) d

Partial Sum of an Arithmetic Sequence

A series is made up of a collection of sequences. We’re looking for the n th partial sum, which is the sum of the first n terms in the series, in this case. The n thpartial sum shall be denoted by the letter S n. Take, for example, the arithmetic series. S 5 = 2 + 5 + 8 + 11 + 14 = S 5 = 2 + 5 + 8 + 11 + 14 = S 5 The sum of an arithmetic series may be calculated in a straightforward manner. S 5 is equal to 2 + 5 + 8 + 11 + 14 The secret is to arrange the words in a different sequence. Because addition is commutative, altering the order of the elements has no effect on the sum.

  1. 2*S 5= (2+14) + (5+11) + (8+8) + (11+5) + (14+2) = (2+14) + (5+11) + (8+8) + (11+5) + (14+2) Take note that each of the amounts on the right-hand side is a multiple of 16.
  2. 2*S 5 = 5*(2 + 14) = 2*S 5 Finally, divide the total item by two to obtain the amount, not double the sum as previously stated.
  3. This would be 5/2 * (16) = 5(8) = 40 as a total.
  4. The number 5 refers to the fact that there were five terms, n.
  5. In this case, we added the total twice and it will always be a 2.
  6. Another formula for the n th partial sum of an arithmetic series is occasionally used in conjunction with the previous one.

It is produced by putting the generic term formula into the previous formula and simplifying the result. Instead of trying to figure out the n thterm, it is preferable to find out what it is and then enter that number into the formula. In this case, S = n/2 * (2a 1+ (n-1) d).

Example

Find the sum of the numbers k=3 to 17 using the given information (3k-2). 7 is obtained by putting k=3 into 3k-2 and obtaining the first term. The last term is 3(17)-2 = 49, which is an integer. There are 17 – 3 + 1 = 15 words in the sentence. As a result, 15 / 2 * (7 + 49) = 15 / 2 * 56 = 420 is the total. Take note of the fact that there are 15 words in all. When the lower limit of the summation is 1, there is minimal difficulty in determining the number of terms in the equation. When the lower limit is any other number, on the other hand, it appears to cause confusion among individuals.

The difference between 10 and 1 is, on the other hand, merely 9.

Introduction to Arithmetic Progressions

Generally speaking, a progression is a sequence or series of numbers in which the numbers are organized in a certain order so that the relationship between the succeeding terms of a series or sequence remains constant. It is feasible to find the n thterm of a series by following a set of steps. There are three different types of progressions in mathematics:

  1. Arithmetic Progression (AP), Geometric Progression (GP), and Harmonic Progression (HP) are all types of progression.

AP, also known as Arithmetic Sequence, is a sequence or series of integers in which the common difference between two subsequent numbers in the series is always the same. As an illustration: Series 1: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11. Every pair of successive integers in this sequence has a common difference of 2, which is always true. Series 2: numbers 28, 25, 22, 19, 16, 13,. There is no common difference between any two successive numbers in this series; instead, there is a strict -3 between any two consecutive numbers.

Terminology and Representation

  • Common difference, d = a 2– a 1= a 3– a 2=. = a n– a n – 1
  • A n= n thterm of Arithmetic Progression
  • S n= Sum of first n elements in the series
  • A n= n

General Form of an AP

Given that ais treated as a first term anddis treated as a common difference, the N thterm of the AP may be calculated using the following formula: As a result, using the above-mentioned procedure to compute the n terms of an AP, the general form of the AP is as follows: Example: The 35th term in the sequence 5, 11, 17, 23,. is to be found. Solution: When looking at the given series,a = 5, d = a 2– a 1= 11 – 5 = 6, and n = 35 are the values. As a result, we must use the following equations to figure out the 35th term: n= a + (n – 1)da n= 5 + (35 – 1) x 6a n= 5 + 34 x 6a n= 209 As a result, the number 209 represents the 35th term.

Sum of n Terms of Arithmetic Progression

The arithmetic progression sum is calculated using the formula S n= (n/2)

Derivation of the Formula

Allowing ‘l’ to signify the n thterm of the series and S n to represent the sun of the first n terms of the series a, (a+d), (a+2d),., a+(n-1)d S n = a 1 plus a 2 plus a 3 plus .a n-1 plus a n S n= a + (a + d) + (a + 2d) +. + (l – 2d) + (l – d) + l. + (l – 2d) + (l – d) + l. + (l – 2d) + (l – d) + l. (1) When we write the series in reverse order, we obtain S n= l + (l – d) + (l – 2d) +. + (a + 2d) + (a + d) + a + d + a + d + a + d + a + d + a + d + a + d + a + d + a + d + a + d + a + d + a … (2) Adding equations (1) and (2) results in equation (2).

+ (a + l) + (a + l) + (a + l) +.

(3) As a result, the formula for calculating the sum of a series is S n= (n/2)(a + l), where an is the first term of the series, l is the last term of the series, and n is the number of terms in the series.

d S n= (n/2)(a + a + (n – 1)d)(a + a + (n – 1)d) S n= (n/2)(2a + (n – 1) x d)(n/2)(2a + (n – 1) x d) Observation: The successive terms in an Arithmetic Progression can alternatively be written as a-3d, a-2d, a-d, a, a+d, a+2d, a+3d, and so on.

Sample Problems on Arithmetic Progressions

Problem 1: Calculate the sum of the first 35 terms in the sequence 5,11,17,23, and so on. a = 5 in the given series, d = a 2–a in the provided series, and so on. The number 1 equals 11 – 5 = 6, and the number n equals 35. S n= (n/2)(2a + (n – 1) x d)(n/2)(2a + (n – 1) x d) S n= (35/2)(2 x 5 + (35 – 1) x 6)(35/2)(2 x 5 + (35 – 1) x 6) S n= (35/2)(10 + 34 x 6) n= (35/2)(10 + 34 x 6) n= (35/2)(10 + 34 x 6) S n= (35/2)(10 + 204) S n= (35/2)(10 + 204) S n= (35/2)(10 + 204) S n= (35/2)(10 + 204) S n= (35/2)(10 + 204) A = 35214/2A = 3745S n= 35214/2A = 3745 Find the sum of a series where the first term of the series is 5 and the last term of the series is 209, and the number of terms in the series is 35, as shown in Problem 2.

Problem 2.

S n= (35/2)(5 + 209) S n= (35/2)(5 + 209) S n= (35/2)(5 + 209) A = 35214/2A = 3745S n= 35214/2A = 3745 Problem 3: A amount of 21 rupees is divided among three brothers, with each of the three pieces of money being in the AP and the sum of their squares being the sum of their squares being 155.

Solution: Assume that the three components of money are (a-d), a, and (a+d), and that the total amount allocated is in AP.

155 divided by two equals 155 Taking the value of ‘a’ into consideration, we obtain 3(7) 2+ 2d.

2= 4d = 2 = 2 The three portions of the money that was dispersed are as follows:a + d = 7 + 2 = 9a = 7a – d = 7 – 2 = 5a = 7a – d = 7 – 2 = 5a = 7a – d = 7 – 2 = 5a = 7a – d = 7 – 2 = 5a = 7a – d = 7 – 2 = 5a = 7a – d = 7 – 2 = 5 As a result, the most significant portion is Rupees 9 million.

Finite Sequence: Definition & Examples – Video & Lesson Transcript

When there is a finite series, the first term is followed by a second term, and so on until the last term. In a finite sequence, the letternoften reflects the total number of phrases in the sequence. In a finite series, the first term may be represented by a (1), the second term can be represented by a (2), etc. Parentheses are often used to separate numbers adjacent to thea, but parentheses will be used at other points in this course to distinguish them from subscripts. This terminology is illustrated in the following graphic.

Examples

Despite the fact that there are many other forms of finite sequences, we shall confine ourselves to the field of mathematics for the time being. The prime numbers smaller than 40, for example, are an example of a finite sequence, as seen in the table below: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, Another example is the range of natural numbers between zero and one hundred. Due to the fact that it would be tedious to write down all of the terms in this finite sequence, we will demonstrate it as follows: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,., 100 are the numbers from 1 to 100.

Alternatively, there might be alternative sequences that begin in the same way and end in 100, but which do not contain the natural numbers less than or equal to 100. As a result, it would be advisable to express the sequence in such a way that the reader can grasp the overall pattern.

Finding Patterns

Let’s take a look at some finite sequences to see if there are any patterns.

Example 1

An anarithmetic finite sequence is a sequence in which all pairs of succeeding terms share a common difference and is defined as follows: Figure out which of these arithmetic finite sequences has the most common difference: 2, 7, 12, 17,., 47 are the prime numbers. Because the common difference is 5, the first four terms of the series demonstrate that the common difference is 5. With another way of saying it, we may add 5 to any phrase in the series to get the following term in the sequence.

You might be interested:  What Is The Difference Between Algebra And Arithmetic? (Solved)

Finding Sums of Finite Arithmetic Series – Sequences and Series (Algebra 2)

The sum of all terms for a finitearithmetic sequencegiven bywherea1 is the first term,dis the common difference, andnis the number of terms may be determined using the following formula: wherea1 is the first term,dis the common difference, andnis the number of terms Consider the arithmetic sum as an example of how the total is computed in this manner. If you choose not to add all of the words at once, keep in mind that the first and last terms may be recast as2fives. This method may be used to rewrite the second and second-to-last terms as well.

  1. There are 9fives in all, and the aggregate is 9 x 5 = 9.
  2. expand more Due to the fact that the difference between each term is constant, this sequence from 1 through 1000 is arithmetic.
  3. The first phrase, a1, is one and the last term, is one thousand thousand.
  4. The sum of all positive integers up to and including 1000 is 500 500.

Arithmetic Sequences and Series

The succession of arithmetic operations There is a series of integers in which each subsequent number is equal to the sum of the preceding number and specified constants. orarithmetic progression is a type of progression in which numbers are added together. This term is used to describe a series of integers in which each subsequent number is the sum of the preceding number and a certain number of constants (e.g., 1). an=an−1+d Sequence of Arithmetic Operations Furthermore, becauseanan1=d, the constant is referred to as the common difference.

For example, the series of positive odd integers is an arithmetic sequence, consisting of the numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and so on.

This word may be constructed using the generic terman=an1+2where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, where, To formulate the following equation in general terms, given the initial terma1of an arithmetic series and its common differenced, we may write: a2=a1+da3=a2+d=(a1+d)+d=a1+2da4=a3+d=(a1+2d)+d=a1+3da5=a4+d=(a1+3d)+d=a1+4d⋮ As a result, we can see that each arithmetic sequence may be expressed as follows in terms of its initial element, common difference, and index: an=a1+(n−1)d Sequence of Arithmetic Operations In fact, every generic word that is linear defines an arithmetic sequence in its simplest definition.

Example 1

Identify the general term of the above arithmetic sequence and use that equation to determine the series’s 100th term. For example: 7,10,13,16,19,… Solution: The first step is to determine the common difference, which is d=10 7=3. It is important to note that the difference between any two consecutive phrases is three. The series is, in fact, an arithmetic progression, with a1=7 and d=3. an=a1+(n1)d=7+(n1)3=7+3n3=3n+4 and an=a1+(n1)d=7+(n1)3=7+3n3=3n+4 and an=a1+(n1)d=3 As a result, we may express the general terman=3n+4 as an equation.

To determine the 100th term, use the following equation: a100=3(100)+4=304 Answer_an=3n+4;a100=304 It is possible that the common difference of an arithmetic series be negative.

Example 2

Identify the general term of the given arithmetic sequence and use it to determine the 75th term of the series: 6,4,2,0,−2,… Solution: Make a start by determining the common difference, d = 4 6=2. Next, determine the formula for the general term, wherea1=6andd=2 are the variables. an=a1+(n−1)d=6+(n−1)⋅(−2)=6−2n+2=8−2n As a result, an=8nand the 75thterm may be determined as follows: an=8nand the 75thterm a75=8−2(75)=8−150=−142 Answer_an=8−2n;a100=−142 The terms in an arithmetic sequence that occur between two provided terms are referred to as arithmetic means.

Example 3

Find all of the words that fall between a1=8 and a7=10. in the context of an arithmetic series Or, to put it another way, locate all of the arithmetic means between the 1st and 7th terms. Solution: Begin by identifying the points of commonality. In this situation, we are provided with the first and seventh terms, respectively: an=a1+(n−1) d Make use of n=7.a7=a1+(71)da7=a1+6da7=a1+6d Substitutea1=−8anda7=10 into the preceding equation, and then solve for the common differenced result. 10=−8+6d18=6d3=d Following that, utilize the first terma1=8.

a1=3(1)−11=3−11=−8a2=3 (2)−11=6−11=−5a3=3 (3)−11=9−11=−2a4=3 (4)−11=12−11=1a5=3 (5)−11=15−11=4a6=3 (6)−11=18−11=7} In arithmetic, a7=3(7)11=21=10 means a7=3(7)11=10 Answer: 5, 2, 1, 4, 7, and 8.

Example 4

Find the general term of an arithmetic series with a3=1 and a10=48 as the first and last terms. Solution: We’ll need a1 and d in order to come up with a formula for the general term. Using the information provided, it is possible to construct a linear system using these variables as variables. andan=a1+(n−1) d:{a3=a1+(3−1)da10=a1+(10−1)d⇒ {−1=a1+2d48=a1+9d Make use of a3=1. Make use of a10=48. Multiplying the first equation by one and adding the result to the second equation will eliminate a1.

an=a1+(n−1)d=−15+(n−1)⋅7=−15+7n−7=−22+7n Answer_an=7n−22 Take a look at this! Identify the general term of the above arithmetic sequence and use that equation to determine the series’s 100th term. For example: 32,2,52,3,72,… Answer_an=12n+1;a100=51

Arithmetic Series

Series of mathematical operations When an arithmetic sequence is added together, the result is called the sum of its terms (or the sum of its terms and numbers). Consider the following sequence: S5=n=15(2n1)=++++= 1+3+5+7+9+25=25, where S5=n=15(2n1)=++++ = 1+3+5+7+9=25, where S5=n=15(2n1)=++++= 1+3+5+7+9 = 25. Adding 5 positive odd numbers together, like we have done previously, is manageable and straightforward. Consider, on the other hand, adding the first 100 positive odd numbers. This would be quite time-consuming.

When we write this series in reverse, we get Sn=an+(and)+(an2d)+.+a1 as a result.

2.:Sn=n(a1+an) 2 Calculate the sum of the first 100 terms of the sequence defined byan=2n1 by using this formula.

The sum of the two variables, S100, is 100 (1 + 100)2 = 100(1 + 199)2.

Example 5

The sum of the first 50 terms of the following sequence: 4, 9, 14, 19, 24,. is to be found. The solution is to determine whether or not there is a common difference between the concepts that have been provided. d=9−4=5 It is important to note that the difference between any two consecutive phrases is 5. The series is, in fact, an arithmetic progression, and we may writean=a1+(n1)d=4+(n1)5=4+5n5=5n1 as an anagram of the sequence. As a result, the broad phrase isan=5n1 is used. For this sequence, we need the 1st and 50th terms to compute the 50thpartial sum of the series: a1=4a50=5(50)−1=249 Then, using the formula, find the partial sum of the given arithmetic sequence that is 50th in length.

Example 6

Evaluate:Σn=135(10−4n). This problem asks us to find the sum of the first 35 terms of an arithmetic series with a general terman=104n. The solution is as follows: This may be used to determine the 1 stand for the 35th period. a1=10−4(1)=6a35=10−4(35)=−130 Then, using the formula, find out what the 35th partial sum will be. Sn=n(a1+an)2S35=35⋅(a1+a35)2=352=35(−124)2=−2,170 2,170 is the answer.

Example 7

In an outdoor amphitheater, the first row of seating comprises 26 seats, the second row contains 28 seats, the third row contains 30 seats, and so on and so forth. Is there a maximum capacity for seating in the theater if there are 18 rows of seats? The Roman Theater (Fig. 9.2) (Wikipedia) Solution: To begin, discover a formula that may be used to calculate the number of seats in each given row. In this case, the number of seats in each row is organized into a sequence: 26,28,30,… It is important to note that the difference between any two consecutive words is 2.

where a1=26 and d=2.

As a result, the number of seats in each row may be calculated using the formulaan=2n+24.

In order to do this, we require the following 18 thterms: a1=26a18=2(18)+24=60 This may be used to calculate the 18th partial sum, which is calculated as follows: Sn=n(a1+an)2S18=18⋅(a1+a18)2=18(26+60) 2=9(86)=774 There are a total of 774 seats available.

Take a look at this! Calculate the sum of the first 60 terms of the following sequence of numbers: 5, 0, 5, 10, 15,. are all possible combinations. Answer_S60=−8,550

Key Takeaways

  • When the difference between successive terms is constant, a series is called an arithmetic sequence. According to the following formula, the general term of an arithmetic series may be represented as the sum of its initial term, common differenced term, and indexnumber, as follows: an=a1+(n−1)d
  • An arithmetic series is the sum of the terms of an arithmetic sequence
  • An arithmetic sequence is the sum of the terms of an arithmetic series
  • As a result, the partial sum of an arithmetic series may be computed using the first and final terms in the following manner: Sn=n(a1+an)2

Topic Exercises

  1. Given the first term and common difference of an arithmetic series, write the first five terms of the sequence. Calculate the general term for the following numbers: a1=5
  2. D=3
  3. A1=12
  4. D=2
  5. A1=15
  6. D=5
  7. A1=7
  8. D=4
  9. D=1
  10. A1=23
  11. D=13
  12. A 1=1
  13. D=12
  14. A1=54
  15. D=14
  16. A1=1.8
  17. D=0.6
  18. A1=4.3
  19. D=2.1
  1. Find a formula for the general term based on the arithmetic sequence and apply it to get the 100 th term based on the series. 0.8, 2, 3.2, 4.4, 5.6,.
  2. 4.4, 7.5, 13.7, 16.8,.
  3. 3, 8, 13, 18, 23,.
  4. 3, 7, 11, 15, 19,.
  5. 6, 14, 22, 30, 38,.
  6. 5, 10, 15, 20, 25,.
  7. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10,.
  8. 12,52,92,132,.
  9. 13, 23, 53,83,.
  10. 14,12,54,2,114,. Find the positive odd integer that is 50th
  11. Find the positive even integer that is 50th
  12. Find the 40 th term in the sequence that consists of every other positive odd integer in the following format: 1, 5, 9, 13,.
  13. Find the 40th term in the sequence that consists of every other positive even integer: 1, 5, 9, 13,.
  14. Find the 40th term in the sequence that consists of every other positive even integer: 2, 6, 10, 14,.
  15. 2, 6, 10, 14,. What number is the term 355 in the arithmetic sequence 15, 5, 5, 15, 25,.
  16. What number is the phrase 172 in the arithmetic sequence 4, 4, 12, 20, 28,.
  17. What number is the term 355 in the arithmetic sequence 15, 5, 5, 15, 25,.
  18. Find an equation that yields the general term in terms of a1 and the common differenced given the arithmetic sequence described by the recurrence relationan=an1+5wherea1=2 andn1 and the common differenced
  19. Find an equation that yields the general term in terms ofa1and the common differenced, given the arithmetic sequence described by the recurrence relationan=an1-9wherea1=4 andn1
  20. This is the problem.
  1. Calculate a formula for the general term based on the terms of an arithmetic sequence: a1=6anda7=42
  2. A1=12anda12=6
  3. A1=19anda26=56
  4. A1=9anda31=141
  5. A1=16anda10=376
  6. A1=54anda11=654
  7. A3=6anda26=40
  8. A3=16andananda15=
  1. Find all possible arithmetic means between the given terms: a1=3anda6=17
  2. A1=5anda5=7
  3. A2=4anda8=7
  4. A5=12anda9=72
  5. A5=15anda7=21
  6. A6=4anda11=1
  7. A7=4anda11=1

Part B: Arithmetic Series

  1. Make a calculation for the provided total based on the formula for the general term an=3n+5
  2. S100
  3. An=5n11
  4. An=12n
  5. S70
  6. An=132n
  7. S120
  8. An=12n34
  9. S20
  10. An=n35
  11. S150
  12. An=455n
  13. S65
  14. An=2n48
  15. S95
  16. An=4.41.6n
  17. S75
  18. An=6.5n3.3
  19. S67
  20. An=3n+5
  1. Consider the following values: n=1160(3n)
  2. N=1121(2n)
  3. N=1250(4n3)
  4. N=1120(2n+12)
  5. N=170(198n)
  6. N=1220(5n)
  7. N=160(5212n)
  8. N=151(38n+14)
  9. N=1120(1.5n2.6)
  10. N=1175(0.2n1.6)
  11. The total of all 200 positive integers is found by counting them up. To solve this problem, find the sum of the first 400 positive integers.
  1. The generic term for a sequence of positive odd integers is denoted byan=2n1 and is defined as follows: Furthermore, the generic phrase for a sequence of positive even integers is denoted by the number an=2n. Look for the following: The sum of the first 50 positive odd integers
  2. The sum of the first 200 positive odd integers
  3. The sum of the first 50 positive even integers
  4. The sum of the first 200 positive even integers
  5. The sum of the first 100 positive even integers
  6. The sum of the firstk positive odd integers
  7. The sum of the firstk positive odd integers the sum of the firstk positive even integers
  8. The sum of the firstk positive odd integers
  9. There are eight seats in the front row of a tiny theater, which is the standard configuration. Following that, each row contains three additional seats than the one before it. How many total seats are there in the theater if there are 12 rows of seats? In an outdoor amphitheater, the first row of seating comprises 42 seats, the second row contains 44 seats, the third row contains 46 seats, and so on and so forth. When there are 22 rows, how many people can fit in the theater’s entire seating capacity? The number of bricks in a triangle stack are as follows: 37 bricks on the bottom row, 34 bricks on the second row and so on, ending with one brick on the top row. What is the total number of bricks in the stack
  10. Each succeeding row of a triangle stack of bricks contains one fewer brick, until there is just one brick remaining on the top of the stack. Given a total of 210 bricks in the stack, how many rows does the stack have? A wage contract with a 10-year term pays $65,000 in the first year, with a $3,200 raise for each consecutive year after. Calculate the entire salary obligation over a ten-year period (see Figure 1). In accordance with the hour, a clock tower knocks its bell a specified number of times. The clock strikes once at one o’clock, twice at two o’clock, and so on until twelve o’clock. A day’s worth of time is represented by the number of times the clock tower’s bell rings.

Part C: Discussion Board

  1. Is the Fibonacci sequence an arithmetic series or a geometric sequence? How to explain: Using the formula for the then th partial sum of an arithmetic sequenceSn=n(a1+an)2and the formula for the general terman=a1+(n1)dto derive a new formula for the then th partial sum of an arithmetic sequenceSn=n2, we can derive the formula for the then th partial sum of an arithmetic sequenceSn=n2. How would this formula be beneficial in the given situation? Explain with the use of an example of your own creation
  2. Discuss strategies for computing sums in situations when the index does not begin with one. For example, n=1535(3n+4)=1,659
  3. N=1535(3n+4)=1,659
  4. Carl Friedrich Gauss is the subject of a well-known tale about his misbehaving in school. As a punishment, his instructor assigned him the chore of adding the first 100 integers to his list of disciplinary actions. According to folklore, young Gauss replied accurately within seconds of being asked. The question is, what is the solution, and how do you believe he was able to come up with the figure so quickly?

Answers

  1. Is the Fibonacci sequence an arithmetic series, or is it a mathematical sequence? How to explain: Using the formula for the then th partial sum of an arithmetic sequenceSn=n(a1+an)2and the formula for the general terman=a1+(n1)dto derive a new formula for the then th partial sum of an arithmetic sequenceSn=n2, we can derive the formula for the then th partial sum of an arithmetic sequenceSn=n2 How would this formula be beneficial in certain situations? Make a personal example to illustrate your point
  2. Discuss strategies for computing sums in situations when the index does not begin at one (1). n=1535(3n+4)=1,659 is an example of the number n=1535(3n+4)=1,659 Carl Friedrich Gauss was once accused of misbehaving at school, according to a well-known legend. As a punishment, his instructor assigned him the chore of adding the first 100 integers to his list of disciplinary measures. Apparently, Gauss responded accurately within seconds, according to mythology. In what way do you believe he was able to come up with the solution so rapidly, and how do you think he did it?
  1. 2,450, 90, 7,800, 4,230, 38,640, 124,750, 18,550, 765, 10,000, 20,100, 2,500, 2,550, K2, 294 seats, 247 bricks, $794,000, and
You might be interested:  Why Does Canada Have Such A Ow Arithmetic Density? (Correct answer)

Arithmetic Sequence Formula – What is Arithmetic Sequence Formula? Examples

Calculating the nth term of an arithmetic progression is accomplished through the use of the arithmetic sequence formula. The arithmetic sequence is a series in which the common difference between any two succeeding terms remains constant throughout the sequence. In order to discover any term in the arithmetic sequence, we may use the arithmetic sequence formula, which is defined as follows: Let’s look at several solved cases to better grasp the arithmetic sequence formula.

What Is the Arithmetic Sequence Formula?

An Arithmetic sequence has the following structure: a, a+d, a+2d, a+3d, and so on up to n terms. In this equation, the first term is called a, the common difference is called d, and n = the number of terms is written as n. Recognize the arithmetic sequence formulae and determine the AP, first term, number of terms, and common difference before proceeding with the computation. Various formulae linked with an arithmetic series are used to compute the n thterm, total, or common difference of a given arithmetic sequence, depending on the series in question.

Arithmetic Sequence Formula

The arithmetic sequence formula is denoted by the notation Formula 1 is a racing series that takes place on the track. The arithmetic sequence formula is written as (a_ =a_ +(n-1) d), where an is the number of elements in the series.

  • A_ is the n th term
  • A_ is the initial term
  • And d is the common difference.

The n thterm formula of anarithmetic sequence is sometimes known as the n thterm formula of anarithmetic sequence. For the sum of the first n terms in an arithmetic series, the formula is (S_ = frac), where S is the number of terms.

  • (S_ ) is the sum of n terms
  • (S_ ) is the sum of n terms
  • A is the initial term, and d is the difference between the following words that is common to all of them.

Formula 3: The formula for determining the common difference of an AP is given as (d=a_ -a_ )where, a_ is the AP’s initial value and a_ is the common difference of the AP.

  • There are three terms in this equation: nth term, second last term, and common difference between the consecutive terms, denoted by the letter d.

Formula 4: When the first and last terms of an arithmetic progression are known, the sum of the first n terms of the progression is given as, (s_ = fracleft )where, and

  • In arithmetic progressions, if the first and last terms are known, the sum of the first n terms of an arithmetic progression is given by the formula (s_ = fracleft)where,

Applications of Arithmetic Sequence Formula

Each and every day, and sometimes even every minute, we employ the arithmetic sequence formula without even recognizing it. The following are some examples of real-world uses of the arithmetic sequence formula.

  • Arranging the cups, seats, bowls, or a house of cards in a towering fashion
  • There are seats in a stadium or a theatre that are set up in Arithmetic order
  • The seconds hand on the clock moves in Arithmetic Sequence, as do the minutes hand and the hour hand
  • The minutes hand and the hour hand also move in Arithmetic Sequence. The weeks in a month follow the AP, and the years follow the AP as well. It is possible to calculate the number of leap years simply adding 4 to the preceding leap year. Every year, the number of candles blown on a birthday grows in accordance with the mathematical sequence

Consider the following instances that have been solved to have a better understanding of the arithmetic sequence formula. Do you want to obtain complicated math solutions in a matter of seconds? To get answers to difficult queries, you may use our free online calculator. Find solutions in a few quick and straightforward steps using Cuemath. Schedule a No-Obligation Trial Class.

Examples Using Arithmetic Sequence Formula

In the first example, using the arithmetic sequence formula, identify the thirteenth term in the series 1, 5, 9, and 13. Solution: To locate the thirteenth phrase in the provided sequence. Due to the fact that the difference between consecutive terms is the same, the above sequence is an arithmetic series. a = 1, d = 4, etc. Making use of the arithmetic sequence formula (a_ =a_ +(n-1) d) = (a_ =a_ +(n-1) d) = (a_ =a_ +(n-1) d) For the thirteenth term, n = 13(a_ ) = 1 + (13 – 1) 4(a_ ) = 1 + 4(a_ ) (12) The sum of 4(a_ ) and 48(a_ ) equals 49.

Example 2: Determine the first term in the arithmetic sequence in which the 35th term is 687 and the common difference between the two terms.

Solution: In order to locate: The first term in the arithmetic sequence is called the initial term.

Example 3: Calculate the total of the first 25 terms in the following sequence: 3, 7, 11, and so on.

In this case, (a_ ) = 3, d = 4, n = 25. The arithmetic sequence that has been provided is 3, 7, 11,. With the help of the Sum of Arithmetic Sequence Formula (S_ =frac), we can calculate the sum of the first 25 terms (S_ =frac) as follows: (25/2) = 25/2 102= 1275.

FAQs on Arithmetic Sequence Formula

It is referred to as arithmetic sequence formula when it is used to compute the general term of an arithmetic sequence as well as the sum of all n terms inside an arithmetic sequence.

What Is n in Arithmetic Sequence Formula?

It is important to note that in the arithmetic sequence formula used to obtain the generalterm (a_ =a_ +(n-1) d), n refers to how many terms are in the provided arithmetic sequence.

What Is the Arithmetic Sequence Formula for the Sum of n Terms?

The sum of the first n terms in an arithmetic series is denoted by the expression (S_ =frac), where (S_ ) =Sum of n terms, (a_ ) = first term, and (d) = difference between the first and second terms.

How To Use the Arithmetic Sequence Formula?

Determine whether or not the sequence is an AP, and then perform the simple procedures outlined below, which vary based on the values known or provided:

  • This is the formula for thearithmetic sequence: (a_ =a_ +(n-1) d), where a_ is a general term, a_ is a first term, and d is the common difference between the two terms. This is done in order to locate the general word inside the sequence. The sum of the first n terms in an arithmetic series is denoted by the symbol (S_ =frac), where (S_ ) =Sum of n terms, (a_ )=first term, and (d) represents the common difference between the terms. When computing the common difference of an arithmetic series, the formula is stated as, (d=a_ -a_ ), where a_ is the nth term, a_ is the second last term, and d is the common difference. Arithmetic progression is defined as follows: (s_ =fracleft) = Sum of first n terms, nth term, and nth term
  • (s_ =fracright) = First term
  • (s_ =fracleft)= Sum of first two terms
  • And (s_ =fracright) = Sum of first n terms.

Using the Formula for Arithmetic Series

In the same way that we looked at different sorts of sequences, we will look at different forms of series. Remember that anarithmetic sequence is a series in which the difference between any two successive terms is equal to the common difference,d, and thus The sum of the terms of an arithmetic sequence is referred to as an anarithmetic series in mathematical jargon. It is possible to represent the sum of the firstnterms of an arithmetic series as: = +left( +dright)+left( +2dright)+.+left( -dright)+ +left( -dright).

The sum of the firstnterms of an arithmetic series may be calculated by adding these two expressions for the sum of the firstnterms of an arithmetic series together.

Fractal = +left( +dright)+left( +2dright)+.+left( -dright)+ hfill + = +left( -dright)+left( -2dright)+.+left( +dright)+ hfill = +left( +dright)+left( -2dright)+.

To determine the formula for the sum of the firstnterms of an arithmetic series, we divide the number by two.

A General Note: Formula for the Sum of the FirstnTerms of an Arithmetic Series

The sum of the terms of an arithmetic sequence is known as an anarithmetic series. It is written as =frac + right) for the sum of the firstnterms of an arithmetic sequence:

How To: Given terms of an arithmetic series, find the sum of the firstnterms.

  1. Identify and
  2. Determinen
  3. Substitute values for text , andninto the formula =frac + right)n
  4. Substitute values for text , andninto the formula =frac + right)n Make it easier to find_

Example 2: Finding the FirstnTerms of an Arithmetic Series

Calculate the sum of each arithmetic series in the given time frame.

Solution

  1. We are given the numbers_ =5 and_ =32. To findn=10, count the number of phrases in the sequence to get at n=10. Simplify the formula by substituting values for, text, andninto the equation. begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin Make use of the formula for the general term of an arithmetic series to arrive at the answer. begin = +left begin dhfill -50=20+left(n – 1right)+left(n – 1right)+left(n – 1right)+left(n – 1right)+left(n – 1right)+left(n – 1right)+left(n – 1right)+left (-5right) left(n + 1 right)hfill -70=left(n – 1 right)hfill -70=hfill -70=hfill -70=hfill -70=hfill -70=hfill -70 (-5right) hfill 14=n – 1hfill 15=nhfill nhfill nhfill nhfill end Substitute values for_, _text ninto the formula to make it easier to understand. begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin begin Begin_ =3k – 8hfill text_ =3k – 3hright Fill in the blanks (1right) -8=-5hfill hfill hend We are given the information thatn=12. To find_, enter k=12 into the explicit formula that has been provided. fill in the blanks with text_ =3k – 8hfill in the blanks with text_ =3left(12right)-8=28hfill in the blanks with end text_ =3k – 8hfill in the blanks with end text_ Simplify the formula by substituting values for the variables_, _, andn. hfill =frac + right)hfill =frac=138hfill end
  2. Hfill =frac=138hfill end

To get the sum of each arithmetic series, use the formula provided.

Try It 2

For each arithmetic series, use the formula to determine its total sum.

Try It 3

To get the sum of each arithmetic series, use the formula.

Try It 4

sum 5 – 6k Solution to the problem

Example 3: Solving Application Problems with Arithmetic Series

A lady is able to walk a half-mile on Sunday after having minor surgery, which she does on Saturday. Every Sunday, she adds an additional quarter-mile to her daily stroll. What do you think the total number of kilometers she has walked will be after 8 weeks?

Solution

This problem may be represented by an arithmetic series with_ =fracandd=frac as the first and second terms. The total number of kilometers walked after 8 weeks is what we are seeking for; thus, we know thatn=8 and that we are looking for We may use the explicit formula for an arithmetic series to get the value of . commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commencement commence We can now apply the arithmetic series formula to our advantage.

hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill hfill She will have walked a total of 11 miles by the time she is through.

Try It 5

In the first week of June, a man receives $100 in pay. The amount he makes each week is $12.50 greater than the previous week. How much money has he made after 12 weeks of work? Solution

Formulas for Arithmetic Sequences

  • Create a formal formula for an arithmetic series using explicit notation
  • Create a recursive formula for the arithmetic series using the following steps:

Using Explicit Formulas for Arithmetic Sequences

It is possible to think of anarithmetic sequence as a function on the domain of natural numbers; it is a linear function since the rate of change remains constant throughout the series. The constant rate of change, often known as the slope of the function, is the most frequently seen difference. If we know the slope and the vertical intercept of a linear function, we can create the function. = +dleft = +dright For the -intercept of the function, we may take the common difference from the first term in the sequence and remove it from the result.

  1. Considering that the average difference is 50, the series represents a linear function with an associated slope of 50.
  2. You may also get the they-intercept by graphing the function and calculating the point at which a line connecting the points would intersect the vertical axis, as shown in the example.
  3. When working with sequences, we substitute _instead of y and ninstead of n.
  4. Using 50 as the slope and 250 as the vertical intercept, we arrive at this equation: = -50n plus 250 To create an explicit formula for an arithmetic series, we do not need to identify the vertical intercept of the sequence.

A General Note: Explicit Formula for an Arithmetic Sequence

For the textterm of an arithmetic sequence, the formula = +dleft can be used to express it explicitly.

How To: Given the first several terms for an arithmetic sequence, write an explicit formula.

  1. Find the common difference between the two sentences, – To solve for = +dleft(n – 1right), substitute the common difference and the first term into the equation

Example: Writing then th Term Explicit Formula for an Arithmetic Sequence

What’s the most significant distinction between you and everyone else? To solve for = +dleft(n – 1right), substitute the common difference and the first term.

Try It

For the arithmetic series that follows, provide an explicit formula for it. left With the use of a recursive formula, several arithmetic sequences may be defined in terms of the preceding term. The formula contains an algebraic procedure that may be used to determine the terms of the series. We can discover the next term in an arithmetic sequence by utilizing a function of the term that came before it using a recursive formula. In each term, the previous term is multiplied by the common difference, and so on.

You might be interested:  What Does Arithmetic? (Question)

The initial term in every recursive formula must be specified, just as it is with any other formula.

A General Note: Recursive Formula for an Arithmetic Sequence

In the case of an arithmetic sequence with common differenced, the recursive formula is as follows: the beginning of the sentence = +dnge 2 the finish of the sentence

How To: Given an arithmetic sequence, write its recursive formula.

  1. To discover the common difference between two terms, subtract any phrase from the succeeding term. In the recursive formula for arithmetic sequences, start with the initial term and substitute the common difference

Example: Writing a Recursive Formula for an Arithmetic Sequence

Write a recursive formula for the arithmetic series in the following format: left

How To: Do we have to subtract the first term from the second term to find the common difference?

No. We can take any phrase in the sequence and remove it from the term after it. Generally speaking, though, it is more customary to subtract the first from the second term since it is frequently the quickest and most straightforward technique of determining the common difference.

Try It

Create a recursive formula for the arithmetic sequence using the information provided. left

Find the Number of Terms in an Arithmetic Sequence

When determining the number of terms in a finite arithmetic sequence, explicit formulas can be employed to make the determination. Finding the common difference and determining the number of times the common difference must be added to the first term in order to produce the last term of the sequence are both necessary steps.

How To: Given the first three terms and the last term of a finite arithmetic sequence, find the total number of terms.

  1. Find the common differences between the two
  2. To solve for = +dleft(n – 1right), substitute the common difference and the first term into the equation Fill in the blanks with the final word from and solve forn

Example: Finding the Number of Terms in a Finite Arithmetic Sequence

The number of terms in the infinite arithmetic sequence is to be determined. left

Try It

The number of terms in the finite arithmetic sequence has to be determined. 11 text 16 text. text 56 right 11 text 16 text 16 text 56 text 56 text 56 Following that, we’ll go over some of the concepts that have been introduced so far concerning arithmetic sequences in the video lesson that comes after that.

Solving Application Problems with Arithmetic Sequences

In many application difficulties, it is frequently preferable to begin with the term instead of_ as an introductory phrase. When solving these problems, we make a little modification to the explicit formula to account for the change in beginning terms. The following is the formula that we use: = +dn = = +dn

Example: Solving Application Problems with Arithmetic Sequences

In many application issues, it is typically preferable to begin with the term instead of_ as an initial condition. When solving these problems, we make a little modification to the explicit formula to account for the variation in beginning terms. The following is the formula that we employ: # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # #

  1. Create a method for calculating the child’s weekly stipend over the course of a year
  2. What will be the child’s allowance when he reaches the age of sixteen

Try It

Calculate the child’s weekly allowance using a formula for a certain year. Which amount will be the child’s allowance when he reaches the age of sixteen?

Contribute!

Do you have any suggestions about how to make this article better? We would much appreciate your feedback. Make this page more user-friendly. Read on to find out more

Arithmetic Sequences and Sums

Was there anything you thought might be improved on the page? Would appreciate it if you could provide some feedback. This page could be improved. Obtaining Additional Information

Arithmetic Sequence

An Arithmetic Sequence is characterized by the fact that the difference between one term and the next is a constant. In other words, we just increase the value by the same amount each time. endlessly.

Example:

1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, and 25 are the numbers 1 through 25. Each number in this series has a three-digit gap between them. Each time the pattern is repeated, the last number is increased by three, as seen below: As a general rule, we could write an arithmetic series along the lines of

  • There are two words: Ais the first term, and dis is the difference between the two terms (sometimes known as the “common difference”).

Example: (continued)

1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, and 25 are the numbers 1 through 25. Has:

  • In this equation, A = 1 represents the first term, while d = 3 represents the “common difference” between terms.

And this is what we get:

Rule

It is possible to define an Arithmetic Sequence as a rule:x n= a + d(n1) (We use “n1” since it is not used in the first term of the sequence).

Example: Write a rule, and calculate the 9th term, for this Arithmetic Sequence:

3, 8, 13, 18, 23, 28, 33, and 38 are the numbers three, eight, thirteen, and eighteen. Each number in this sequence has a five-point gap between them. The values ofaanddare as follows:

  • A = 3 (the first term)
  • D = 5 (the “common difference”)
  • A = 3 (the first term).

Making use of the Arithmetic Sequencerule, we can see that_xn= a + d(n1)= 3 + 5(n1)= 3 + 3 + 5n 5 = 5n 2 xn= a + d(n1) = 3 + 3 + 3 + 5n n= 3 + 3 + 3 As a result, the ninth term is:x 9= 5 9 2= 43 Is that what you’re saying? Take a look for yourself! Arithmetic Sequences (also known as Arithmetic Progressions (A.P.’s)) are a type of arithmetic progression.

Advanced Topic: Summing an Arithmetic Series

To summarize the terms of this arithmetic sequence:a + (a+d) + (a+2d) + (a+3d) + (a+4d) + (a+5d) + (a+6d) + (a+7d) + (a+8d) + (a+9d) + (a+9d) + (a+9d) + (a+9d) + (a+9d) + (a+9d) + ( make use of the following formula: What exactly is that amusing symbol? It is referred to as The Sigma Notation is a type of notation that is used to represent a sigma function. Additionally, the starting and finishing values are displayed below and above it: “Sum upnwherengoes from 1 to 4,” the text states. 10 is the correct answer.

Example: Add up the first 10 terms of the arithmetic sequence:

The values ofa,dandnare as follows:

  • In this equation, A = 1 represents the first term, d = 3 represents the “common difference” between terms, and n = 10 represents the number of terms to add up.

As a result, the equation becomes:= 5(2+93) = 5(29) = 145 Check it out yourself: why don’t you sum up all of the phrases and see whether it comes out to 145?

Footnote: Why Does the Formula Work?

Let’s take a look at why the formula works because we’ll be employing an unusual “technique” that’s worth understanding. First, we’ll refer to the entire total as “S”: S = a + (a + d) +. + (a + (n2)d) +(a + (n1)d) + (a + (n2)d) + (a + (n1)d) + (a + (n2)d) + (a + (n1)d) + (a + (n1)d) + (a + (n2)d) + (a + (n1)d) + (a + (n1)d) + (a + (n1)d) + After that, rewrite S in the opposite order: S = (a + (n1)d)+ (a + (n2)d)+. +(a + d)+a. +(a + d)+a. +(a + d)+a. Now, term by phrase, add these two together:

S = a + (a+d) + . + (a + (n-2)d) + (a + (n-1)d)
S = (a + (n-1)d) + (a + (n-2)d) + . + (a + d) + a
2S = (2a + (n-1)d) + (2a + (n-1)d) + . + (2a + (n-1)d) + (2a + (n-1)d)

Check out why the formula works since we’ll be employing an unusual “trick” that’s well worth your time to learn about. As a starting point, we’ll refer to the entire total as “S.” In S, the sum of the squares of the first and second roots of the first and second roots of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root of the second root Afterwards, rewrite S in the other direction: The formula for S is: (a + n1)d)+ (a + n2)d)+.

+(a + d)+.+(a + d)+.

Now, term by term, combine the following two phrases.

Writing Rules for Arithmetic Sequences – Video & Lesson Transcript

Yuanxin (Amy) Yang Alcocer is a Chinese actress. Amy, who holds a master’s degree in secondary education, has been working as a math teacher for more than nine years. Amy has experience working with kids of various ages and abilities, including those with special needs and those who are talented. Take a look at my bio Laura Pennington is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom. The University of Michigan awarded Laura a Master’s degree in Pure Mathematics after she earned a Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics from Grand Valley State University.

Take a look at my bio When creating arithmetic sequences in which terms proceed in a regular interval, there are a few general guidelines to remember to follow.

In this lesson, you will learn how to use principles for creating explicit formulae, numerous terms, and recursive formulas in your writing. The most recent update was on December 15, 2021.

Arithmetic Sequences

All sorts of arithmetic sequences may be found all throughout the world. Some of these may be used on a daily basis. A series of terms in which the difference between each subsequent pair of terms equals one is known as anarithmetic sequence, by definition. In the case of counting by 5s, you will receive an arithmetic sequence since the difference between each pair of terms is 5: For example, if you count by 5s, you will get the following: Arithmetic sequences may be found in many shapes and sizes.

A series of phrases in which the difference between each subsequent pair of terms equals one is known as anarithmetic sequence by definition.

For no rides, the arithmetic sequence begins with $10, then proceeds on to $12 for one ride, then $14 for two rides, and so on.

The Rule

For the reason that all arithmetic sequences follow the same pattern, you may apply a generic formula to obtain the formula for any particular sequence. The formula is as follows: Thea nrefers to the terms of the sequence, and thenrefers to the position of the term in the series. This word refers to the first term in the sequence if nis is equal to 1. The difference between all of the consecutive integers in your series is represented by the letter d. The explicit formula for an arithmetic series is referred to as the explicit formula.

Given Two Terms

Arithmetic sequences contain the same difference between succeeding pairs of terms in the sequence; as a result, you only need to know the first two terms of the series to construct the formula; the further terms of the sequence are not required. Let’s have a look at this. Take a look at this situation. Create a formula for the arithmetic series that begins with the numbers 4, 7, and so on. Only the first two words are provided to you. Because you already know the explicit formula rule, all you need to know is the first term and the difference between each succeeding pair of terms in the following formula.

You also know that the difference between the first term and the second term is 7.

  • An=a1+d(n-1)
  • An= 4 + 3 (n-1)
  • An= 4 + 3 n- 3
  • An= 3 n+ 1
  • An= 4 n+ 1

You should leave the then s alone because they will always be a variable. Thesens are what allow you to utilize this formula to locate the remaining terms in your sequence using the information in this formula. They are the term’s location number in relation to the location number you are looking for. The rule for finding the formula for an arithmetic sequence reveals that your arithmetic sequence follows the explicit rule 3 n+ 1 for all of its terms, as demonstrated in the following example.

This implies that you can find any phrase in the sequence simply by putting in the term’s location into the search field of the sequence. Consequently, in order to determine what the tenth term of the sequence is, all you need to do is punch in a 10 fornand evaluate:

Real World Applications of Arithmetic Sequences:

  • In an arithmetic sequence, the explicit formula for the then th term is defined asa n =a 1 + d(n – 1), wherea n is the then th term of the sequence, a 1 is the first term of the series, and dis the common difference of the sequence.

Applications:

  1. Nancy is putting money aside to purchase a bike that will cost $275. She begins with $50 and continues to add $15 at the end of each week until she reaches her goal. It will take her about how many weeks to save up enough money to purchase the bike. Bob decided to start running as a New Year’s Resolution on January 1st, with the objective of running for one hour, or 60 minutes, straight. He begins by running for 5 minutes on the first day, and he increases his jogging time by 2 minutes on each subsequent day after that, until he reaches his goal. Bob’s objective is to attain it before the end of the month (which is 31 days from now).

Answers:

  1. It will take 16 weeks to save $275 in this situation. For example, if she starts with $50 and adds $15 each week, the amount of money she has saved at the end of each week follows the mathematical sequence of 50 (first week), 65 (second week), 90 (third week), 105 (fourth week), and so on. In light of the fact that the bike costs $275, we are interested in knowing what term will be 275, or for what valuenwilla n = 275. The equation 275 = 50 + 15 is obtained by plugging these values into our explicit formula (n – 1). Solving the forngivesn=16 equation Yes. To demonstrate that this is the case, we check to see if Bob is still running for 60 minutes or more every day after 31 days of following this routine. He starts with 5 minutes and adds 2 minutes each day, therefore this may be represented mathematically by an arithmetic sequence with a beginning term of 5 and a common difference of 2 as shown in the diagram (or 5, 7, 9, 11,.). To determine if the 31st term will be more than or equal to 60, we pluga 1 = 5,d= 2, and n = 31 into our explicit formula to obtaina (31) = 5 + 2 (as in the explicit formula) (31 – 1). Bob can run for 65 minutes straight by the end of the month, which is more than 60 minutes, according to the simplified formula (31) = 65.

Register to view this lesson

Do you want to be a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

Become a member today. Are you already a member? Log InBack to top

Resources created by teachers for teachers

Over 30,000 video lesson and teaching resources are available in one convenient location. Lessons via video QuizzesWorksheets Integration within the classroomLesson Plans Study.com is a website that I would strongly suggest to my peers. It’s as if my teacher waved a magic wand and took care of everything for me. It feels like a lifeline to me right now. Back Create an account to get started with this course right away. Try it risk-free for a full month! Create a user profile.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *